What are the basics of English Grammar

What are the basics of English Grammar: Beginner’s Guidelines

English grammar can be quite daunting for beginners, but thankfully, this blog is here to help! Starting with the basics, this blog covers the general English grammar rules that everyone should know. From punctuation to making questions, these guidelines will help you to improve your writing skills in no time. In addition to grammar basics, this blog also offers helpful tips on etiquette and formalities so that you can always sound polished and well-educated. Finally, at the end of every article, there are some final thoughts to take away and further resources that you can explore. So whether you’re a beginner or have some experience, this blog is worth checking out!

Table of Contents

01. General English Grammar Rules

English grammar is tricky, but it’s essential to understand it if you want to communicate fluently. A few general grammar rules apply to every situation, so make sure you remember them. For example, articles and adjectives always come before the noun they modify, and verbs always take a subject (you know, the person or thing doing the verb). Some verb tenses are tricky for beginners, so use the correct verb tense. And, of course, there are prepositions – such as ‘on’, ‘in’, and ‘of’ – which can be tricky to get your head around at first. But with a little practice, you’ll speak English like a pro in no time!

Word Order

English is a subject-verb-object sentence structure. Words are put in the order that makes the most sense for the sentence. This means that nouns, pronouns, and articles usually come after the verb they refer to.

There are some common word order mistakes beginners make – using too many pronouns or articles, putting verbs at the end of a sentence, etcetera. Following basic grammar rules allows you to compose effective and clear sentences in English without getting confused!


English has three main tenses – the past, preterite and future. The simple past tense is used to talk about things that have already happened. The preterite is used to talk about things that have happened before a certain point, while the future tense refers to things that will happen.


Moods are a very important part of the English language. They help us to communicate our feelings and intentions with other people.

English has three main moods – Indicative, Subjunctive and Imperative. Each verb in English has its specific mood – Present, Past or Future tense. Use the correct verb tense to show whether a sentence is spoken or written (e.g., “She writes” = written). Certain adverbs can change the mood of a sentence – too = for example, to show conclusiveness or impatience (e.g., “I’m sorry I’m late”).

Verb Conjugations

Verbs are the lifeblood of any sentence, and it’s important to learn them properly. There are three main verb conjugations – regular, irregular, and past tense. Remember to use the correct form depending on which tense you’re using – present, past, future, etcetera. Our handy guide below will help!

02. Parts of Speech

To improve your English grammar, you need to start with the basics. English has three parts of speech – nouns, verbs, and adjectives. Every word in English is a combination of these three parts of speech. For example, the word ‘dog’ is a noun, the verb ‘to dog’ is a base verb, and the adjective ‘dog-like’ is an adjective. To know how to use a verb correctly, you need to understand its part of speech and its tenses! For example, the verb ‘to dog’ is in the third person singular tenses – present, past, and future – because it is a verb that doesn’t change. To make things even more complicated, there are also base verbs (verbs that don’t change), like be and have. To make things even more confusing, verb tenses are also made up of two or more base verbs, like have been or will have been. But don’t worry.


Nouns are one of the most important parts of the language. They help us to communicate ideas and concepts by referring to people, places, things or qualities.

There are two types of nouns – concrete and abstract. Concrete nouns refer to things that you can see, hear or touch. An example of a concrete noun is “John”, which refers to a particular person who exists in the physical world. Abstract nouns don’t have any such limitation – they can refer to anything at all! For example, “harmony” refers not just to music but also peace and tranquillity.

As with verbs (see below), it’s important when learning grammar rules related to nouns to understand their basic definitions first before getting into more complex matters like plurals and articles.


Verbs are the key players in English grammar and play a crucial role in making your sentences more interesting.

There are three types of verbs – regular, irregular and past tense. To form a verb, you need to add -ed to the end of a noun or pronoun. For example, “I write” becomes “I have written”. Compound verbs also exist where two or more verbs are combined to make one single sentence. For instance, “The cat played with the ball” becomes “The cat played ball with”. Gerunds (verb-like nouns) act as passive voice verbs and can describe actions that don’t involve someone else, e.g., adjective + gerund = playing football).

By knowing how to use these important words correctly, you will be able to create powerful and exciting sentences that will engage your readers fully.


Adjective noun

1. A word that describes a noun or pronoun.

2. Two types: concrete and abstract

3. Concrete adjectives relate to the actual appearance of a noun or pronoun, for example, “a tall man”.

4. Abstract adjectives are not related to the physical appearance of anything, for example, “a happy person”.


Adverbs are words that describe verbs, adjectives and other adverbial words. They come in two types – active and passive. The most common type of adverb is the active one which describes an action or state of being.

Passive voice is when the subject of a sentence is acted on by another person or thing instead of the actor. For example, John was kicked by his dog; someone else’s dog kicked John.


Pronouns are an essential part of the language and play a big role in communication. They can be personal, objective or possessive, and there are three types of first, second and third-person pronouns.

Reflexive pronouns refer to themselves (I am), while intensive pronoun refers to more than one person (We are all here). They can also be reflexive (self-referential) or intensive (addressing more than one person).

In short, pronouns make conversations smoother by taking the place of nouns. Once you learn how to use them properly, your grammar skills will also develop!


Prepositions are very important in English grammar. They play an essential role by helping to show the relationship between nouns and verbs and highlighting the importance of a particular noun or action.

There are four main prepositions – at, in, on, and by. In addition to these basic prepositions, there are also a few more that you may encounter from time to time. Practice using them by doing some exercises online or in a dictionary!

Conjunctions and Linking Words

Regarding English grammar, there are two main types of linking words- coordinators and subordinates.

Coordinators link clauses together- for example, ‘the cat is on the mat’. Subordinates link nouns or pronouns with verbs- a sentence like ‘She wants to swim’ would use a subordinator (‘wants’).

Once you know these basic rules, you can start building more complicated sentences by using linking words between clauses. For example: ‘The conjunction but links the first clause (‘The cat is on the mat’) with the second clause (‘because she’s wet’).’

You can also use linking words to show relationships between clauses. This sentence shows that what follows is a consequence of what precedes it: ‘[Since he left] I haven’t been able to concentrate at work.’


Interjections are a very important part of the dialogue and can help to keep things organized and flowing. There are two main types of interjections – adverbs and prepositions.

Prepositions introduce nouns, adjectives or verbs, while adverbials modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbials. Reflexive pronouns show how someone feels about themselves (I am interrupting myself). Reciprocal pronouns indicate the same relationship between two people (She/He/It interrupted me twice).

Some interjections function as adverbs and prepositions (The doctor was shouting at the patient). They come in various forms, such as oh! ah!, yep! Their basic function is to break up speech for emphasis or interruption.

03. Determiners

English grammar is a subject that can be quite daunting for beginners. However, by understanding the basics of determiners, you’ll be on your way to a better understanding of the grammar rules. A determiner is a word that helps identify the kind of noun it modifies. There are three types of determiners in English: definite, indefinite, and possessive. Definite determiners show that something is specific – for example, “a book” is a definite determiner because there’s only one book in the world. Indefinite determiners don’t specify how many there are – for example, “a few” is an indefinite determiner because we don’t know how many books there are). When we use a definite determiner with a plural noun, the nouns become definite as well – for example, “the books” is a definite plural because there are only two books. Note that when we use an indefinite determiner with a plural noun, the nouns become indefinite

04. Capitalization

English grammar can be a challenge for first-time learners. That’s why it’s important to get the basics down! In this article, we’ll discuss the topic of English grammar: Capitalization. As a rule of thumb, all nouns, pronouns, and adjectives must be Capitalized. This includes titles and headline phrases as well as individual words. When writing in full sentences, always capitalize the first word of a title phrase and the last word of a sentence. Most compound words (such as “government”) are also Capitalized when used before a noun or before another compound word that is also capitalized. Lowercase letters are only used for small examples or emphasis within a sentence or paragraph. Got that? Now go ahead and grammar-fy your Instagram posts!

Do Capitalize

English grammar:

1. English is a capitalized language – always name the things in life with Capital letters!

2. Two words that are always capitalized are the names of countries and the pronouns “I”, “you”, “he”, and “she”.

3. Other words that are always capitalized include proper nouns (names of people, places or things) and acronyms (initials followed by a word, such as NASA).

4. The only time you might not capitalize these words would be if they appeared at the beginning of a sentence or when they were used conversationally (‘Like he said…’).

Don’t Capitalize

English is a language that doesn’t use capital. This means that “taxi” and “the” are written without capital letters.

It would help if you did not capitalize anything besides the first letter of a word (and proper nouns). Things that are part of a title, such as Mr., Mrs., Ms., Doctor, etcetera, should always be capitalized.

If you need help determining whether to capitalize something, consult a dictionary or someone who knows more about the English language.

Common Source of Confusion

A few rules need to be followed when it comes to proper nouns (names of people, places and things). For example, capitalization is important as these names must always be written in all CAPS. Lowercase letters are used for common words such as “the”, “a”, “an” etcetera. Capitalize the first letter of every word in a title, phrase or sentence, including the article (a, an) and general keywords (marketing website).

Rules can get a little confusing, so here are some handy tips:

– When referring to someone by name – use their full name with capitalized first letter(s) followed by the last initial(s), e.g. JohnSmith

– Always use italics for titles of books, songs lyrics etc., when they represent more than one word, e.g. Harry Potter and The Philosopher’s Stone

– Use quotation marks around phrases such as ‘The 5 Simple Steps To…’

05. Punctuation

English grammar is a complex subject, but luckily, it’s easy to understand. In this article, we’ll be discussing the basics of grammar – punctuation. First of all, English grammar is based on Latin, so many rules are the same. There are three types of punctuation in English: colons (;), commas (,), and semicolons (;). When comma usage is confusing, remember to use a pattern: one comma for each independent clause. Don’t stress about using capital letters or accents – they’re unnecessary for English grammar! Now that you have a basic understanding of grammar, it’s time to start practising! Studying grammar rules will help you to structure your sentences correctly and make them easier to read. Keep in mind that English grammar is constantly evolving, so keep learning, and you’ll be a grammar master in no time!

06. Making Questions

English grammar can be tricky for beginners, but don’t worry! This guide will teach you the basics of grammar, starting with questions. To make a question, start with “who,” “what,” or “where.” Next, follow the subject pronoun with a word showing who is questioning (I, you, he, she). Optionally add more information about what kind of question it is (whose name? where did/does this person live?). If there are multiple questions in a row, use commas to separate them.

These are just a few of the basics of English grammar. With a little practice and an understanding of the rules, you’ll be well on your way to fluency in no time!

07. Politeness and Formality

Speaking and writing in English can be a daunting task for a beginner. But don’t worry, we’re here to help. In this article, we’ll discuss the basics of English grammar, enabling you to communicate effectively with others. When speaking to someone, be polite and use the proper form of address. For example, say “Sir” or “Ma’am.” Always observe social conventions – for example, only call a person by their first name if you’re acquainted with them. And lastly, make sure you know the basics of English grammar before starting any academic course or job interview!

08. Final Thoughts

English grammar is easier than it may seem, especially if you start by learning the basics. Many resources are available online to help you, including websites, textbooks, and video lectures. When learning new grammar concepts, it’s important to section them off into manageable chunks to make them easier to remember and apply. Always check your sentence structure for mistakes before sending anything off to a friend or posting it online! With a little practice, you’ll be able to understand and use the correct grammar rules in no time. So get started, and good luck!

Basic English Grammar Lessons

  1. Singular and Plural Nouns
  2. Count Nouns vs. Non-Count Nouns
  3. Possessive Nouns
  4. Pronouns
  5. ‘Be’ Verbs
  6. Action Verbs
  7. Adjectives
  8. Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
  9. Adverbs
  10. Simple Tense
  11. Progressive and Perfect Tense
  12. Perfect Progressive Tense
  13. Irregular Verbs
  14. Gerunds
  15. Infinitives 1
  16. Infinitives 2
  17. Active Voice and Passive Voice
  18. Indicative, Imperative, Subjunctive Mood
  19. Auxiliary Verbs – ‘Be,’ ‘Do,’ ‘Have’
  20. Auxiliary Verbs – ‘Will/Would,’ ‘Shall/Should’
  21. Auxiliary Verbs – ‘Can/Could,’ ‘May/Might/Must’
  22. Prepositions – ‘On,’ ‘At,’ ‘In’
  23. Prepositions – ‘Of,’ ‘To,’ ‘For’
  24. Prepositions – ‘With,’ ‘Over,’ ‘By’
  25. Conjunctions – Coordinating and Correlative
  26. Conjunctions – Subordinating
  27. Conjunctive Adverbs
  28. Articles – Indefinite and Definite
  29. Interjections
  30. Capitalization

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the basics of learning English?

To become a fluent English speaker, it’s important to learn the basics of the English language. These basics include learning the English alphabet and the pronunciation of each letter, understanding the parts of speech, and properly structuring sentences. In addition to this, you’ll need to be familiar with basic English grammar rules, such as verb tenses, pronunciation of nouns and adjectives, and common expressions. Finally, practice your speaking and reading skills by engaging in meaningful conversations and reading articles aloud.

What are the five rules of English?

The five rules of English are:

1. Use correct punctuation.

2. Use correct capitalization.

3. Use subject-verb agreement.

4. Use the correct tense.

5. Use the correct verb form.

What are the basics of learning English?

It would help if you learned many basics to speak and understand English well.

Grammar basics include understanding the parts of speech, such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. It is also important to understand the different forms of sentences and tenses. Learning English also includes understanding punctuation and how to use it correctly. Additionally, basic English grammar includes knowing how to form plurals and possessives and understanding subject-verb agreement.

What are the 12 basic rules of grammar?

Here are the 12 basic rules of grammar:

1. Use complete sentences.

2. Make sure your verbs agree with the subject.

3. Avoid run-on sentences and sentence fragments.

4. Use correct capitalization and punctuation.

5. Use correct pronoun usage and antecedents.

6. Construct clear and concise sentences.

7. Know when to use an active or passive voice.

8. Use appropriate verb tenses consistently.

9. Differentiate between adjectives and adverbs.

10. Avoid double negatives in your writing.

11. Remember to use conjunctions correctly.

12. Understand the differences between present, past, and future perfect tenses.

What are the basics of English grammar?

Grammar basics

In English grammar, nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and conjunctions are all important parts of the language. Sentences are formed by combining these parts into phrases and clauses. Proper punctuation is important to ensure the words in a sentence are interpreted the way the author intended. Rules of grammar may vary depending on the style or context of a particular sentence. However, basic grammar principles remain the same no matter the situation.


Thank you for reading! This blog has outlined the basics of English grammar, starting from the basic grammar rules to more complex punctuation and verb tenses. By following the guidelines outlined in this blog, you will be on your way to becoming a better English speaker. We hope that the information provided in this blog will help you and that you will continue to use it as a reference when needing clarification on grammar rules. Thank you for your time!

Related Article: How to Learn English Easily: 10 Best Strategies

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